Ladakh is a mountainous region in the disputed northwest Jammu and Kashmir area in north India and in the area known as the Trans-Himalaya, (the lands beyond the Himalaya: Tibet, Xinjiang and northern Pakistan). It's slightly smaller than Scotland, the settled population live between 2700m and 4500m, and nomadic encampments even higher, and it's the largest and the least populated region of Jammu and Kashmir. The people are a mixture of Buddhist and Muslim 50% of each. Buddhists are the majority in the east close to the Chinese border and a slight majority overall while Muslims have the majority in the north and west. Travellers are likely to see more of the Buddhists as the majority of the tourist attractions are in the east and directly related to Tibetan Buddhist culture.
"Ladakh" the Farsi transliteration of the Tibetan La-dvags; which means ("Land of High Passes") on the borderland of extreme Pakistan and China that connected the Ancient Silk trade route. Ladakh has been described as The Mysterious Land of the Mystic Lamas, The Broken Moonland, or 'The Last Shangri-La' for its unique landscape and exquisite culture. One sees no horizon here but only mountain peaks soaring up to 5 to 6 km. In the prehistoric period Ladakh formed a Great Lake. Even at present the region has some of the largest and most beautiful lakes, Pangong and the Tsomoriri lakes. It is a repository of myriad cultural and religious influences from Tibet, South Asia and Central Asia.